The Crisis Between Iran, Iraq and the United States in January 2020: What Does International Law Say?

Vi bilägger här en folkrättslig analys av den senaste händelseutvecklingen i Irak, författad av professor Olivier Corten och tre av hans kolleger vid l’Université de Bruxelles, Belgien. Olivier Corten är en av Europas främsta folkrättssakunniga och har skrivit den banbrytande boken The Law Against War. The Prohibition on the Use of Force in Contemporary International Law (Hart Publishing 2012), som har kommit ut i en senare upplaga på franska, Le droit contre la guerre (Editions Pedone 2014).

Olivier Corten och hans tre kolleger har 2019 gett ut A Critical Introduction to International Law (Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles), även den boken banbrytande.

Since 3 January, a decisive step has been taken in the latent conflict between the United States, Iran and Iraq, on whose territory military action is being stepped up in a context of internal crisis. The execution by the United States of Qassem Soleimani, one of the main Iranian leaders, was immediately perceived as setting a powder keg on fire. In response, Iran, as announced by its authorities, launched an attack during the night of 7 to 8 January on two coalition military bases housing United States troops on Iraqi territory. Beyond the political aspects of this crisis, and the links it has with other events, whether they are remote in time if we think of the invasion and subsequent occupation of Iraq from 2003, the Iranian revolution of 1979 or even the overthrow of the Iranian Prime Minister in 1953, or more recent if we think of the withdrawal of the United States from the multilateral nuclear treaty with Iran in 2015, what does international law say about this? Iran.US_.Iraq_.EN_.Final_-1