[…] In the draft government proposal, the working group assesses the relationship between the North Atlantic Treaty and Finland’s Constitution. The working group concludes that the North Atlantic Treaty would not be a problem for Finland’s sovereignty and participation in international cooperation and that Finland’s accession to the Treaty would not constitute a significant transfer of competence to an international organisation. Therefore, Parliament could make the decision to adopt the Treaty by a simple majority vote.
The working group is of the opinion that Finland’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty would not affect the decision-making procedure concerning Finland’s foreign and security policy, the obligation to participate in national defence or the position of the President of the Republic as the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Forces.
Current legislation allows Finland to accede to the North Atlantic Treaty and to the Agreement on the status of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, National Representatives and International Staff, and the resulting obligations do not require any immediate amendments to national legislation. Any subsequent legislative measures related to Finland’s NATO membership may be implemented by separate statutes.
The working group assessed the key effects of Finland’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty especially from the perspectives of foreign policy, security policy and defence policy. In addition, the working group identified economic effects and human resources effects of membership. The details of these effects will be specified once Finland becomes a member of NATO.
As a member of NATO, Finland must accede to other NATO agreements within 12 months of the deposit of Finland’s instrument of accession. These agreements concern the status of troops, security of information, and protection of information in the defence sector. Separate government proposals on Finland’s accession to these agreements will be later submitted for Parliament’s approval.
The working group drafting the government proposal had representatives from the Office of the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister’s Office, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, and the Finnish Transport and Communications Agency (Traficom). Läs dokumentet